Wan Li Porcelain
: Thin and fine fabric.
Glaze: Thinly glazed, base entirely glazed except for the
footring which has been chafed off lightly. Some are
plain, but most are neatly painted in underglaze blue with
a scroll design directly above the footring and a flame
pattern or spear motif directly above the scroll
Form: Wine cups, about 50 mm in height.
More than a dozen of these fine wine cups have been
found on Virginia archaeological sites. Before at least
40 of these wine cups were recovered from the 1613
shipwreck Witte Leeuw in 1976, it was believed that fine
porcelain such as this was considered Imperial ware, only
for use by the Chinese elite. A 1640s wreck of a Chinese
merchantman in the south China Sea, known as the Hatcher
wreck, contained very similar wine cups. These later wine
cups are more heavily potted and the scroll and flame
frieze appears slightly higher up on the body than it
does on the Wan Li examples.
Curtis, Julia B (1985) "Chinese Ceramics
and the Dutch Connnection in Early Seventeenth Century
Virginia," Vereninging van Vrienden der Aziatische
, No. 1:6-13.
van der Pijl-Ketel, C.L. (ed) (1982) The Ceramic Load
of the 'Witte Leeuw'
Jamestown Rediscovery, Pit 4 ca.1610
The Maine (4)
Walter Aston Site
Kingsmill: The Helmet Site; Kingsmill Tenement
Jordan's Journey: PG302 (5), PG307
Flowerdew Hundred (PG65)
Prepared by Bly Straube